What is postpartum depression?

Postpartum depression

You must have heard and seen “baby blues” in the mothers after giving birth. However, it is considered typical to encounter fatigue, sadness, and distress for a few months and weeks after delivering a baby. As per the survey, almost 80% of mothers go through these mental and physical exertions for a few consecutive weeks. Although, there is no need to be worried, and it gets faded over time.

Some symptoms might seem similar to baby blues in postpartum depression conditions. However, postpartum depression is more complicated, disturbing, and lasts longer than baby blues. The primary symptoms of postpartum depression are extreme mood swings, mental and physical tiredness, and lack of hope. The severe intensity of these symptoms can make it problematic to take care of you and your newborn baby.

Definition of Postpartum Depression:

Postpartum depression is seen as a complicated combination of emotional, physical, and behavioral transformations that take place in women after giving birth to the baby.  The PPD or postpartum depression usually begins after the four weeks of giving birth. And it should not be taken lightly. It can get more and more severe over time if it is not treated. Hence, it can be treated easily by the approach or right treatments and therapies.

Changes in chemicals such as the decline in some natural hormones after birth can also be the other reason behind it. However, there is no study that proves that there is a connection between a decline in hormones and depression. Furthermore, the female reproductive hormones such as estrogen and progesterone rise tenfold during the phase of pregnancy. Then, they fall sharply after childbirth. By three days after a woman delivers a baby, the grades of mentioned hormones fall back to what they level were before reaching the phase of pregnancy.

Therefore, changes in such chemicals and fluctuations in social and psychological behaviors can increase the risk of postpartum depression in mothers.

  • Almost 80% of women encounter baby blues after giving birth to a baby, which is completely common.
  • However, only 1 out of 10 will go through severe depression such as postpartum depression after birth.
  • Besides, only 1 in 1000 women goes through serious medical conditions such as postpartum psychosis.

What are the symptoms of postpartum depression? 

Feeling tired and restless body is standard after giving birth. These are also the symptoms of postpartum disorder, but the postpartum disorder is beyond that. Its symptoms are high in intensity and cause troubles in your day-to-day functioning. Therefore, if you encounter any of these symptoms so kindly coordinate with the doctor on time. These symptoms might get worsen over time.

It is observable, the symptoms intensity and number of systems vary from one person to another. However, if you are running under postpartum depression, you will be familiar with the below indication for instance-

  • You feel blue and cry a lot without any certain reason.
  • Feeling tired but still unable to fall asleep
  • Getting more than adequate sleep
  • Feeling tired after getting the proper rest
  • Binge eating or not eating at all
  • Finding the distress and aches in the body
  • Feeling irritable, anxious, and tensed without any problem
  • Difficulty in concentrating on a task or not able to keep remember the things
  • Trouble in deciding for even short problems
  • Losing interest over time in the activities you used to enjoy
  •   Not having the same interest and connection with the baby as you thought
  • Feeling guilty and worthless
  • Everything seems annoying and makes you nervous
  •  Not able to be open up with anyone because you think people will judge that you are not a promising mother
  • Trying to run off from everything and everyone

Untreated conditions of postpartum depression can lead to several health issues for mother and baby. Therefore, the mother should reach out to professional when:

  • they find themselves not functioning correctly.
  • They find it troubles to deal with the day-to-day tasks.
  • Thoughts of harming the baby and themselves occur.
  • You are feeling anxious, tested, and worries without any certain reason.

What are the causes of postpartum depression? 

If you are going through the condition of PPD, so it doesn’t mean that you did something wrong. There are many reasons that can contribute to this medical condition. Besides, the certain reason may vary from one person to another. There are some things that can increase the risk of this medical condition such as-

  • Having depression before and after reaching the pregnancy.
  • Age when you became pregnant ( the younger you are, the more prone you are)
  • Mood disorder history in the family
  • Passing through a traumatic situation, for example, losing the closest one or financial crises.
  •  Any prior children with special needs or health disorder
  • Having the triplets and twins at the same time
  • No Social support
  • Mental exhaustion and being alone
  • Troubles between partners

As mentioned earlier, there is no certain cause of PPD, but there are some more physical and emotional issue that can also result in this medical condition-

  • Lack of sleep- Lack of sleep or not taking the recommended sleep can cause you trouble handling the minor problems. Therefore, try to take plenty of sleep and rest.
  •  Anxiety– you might be worried about the care of the newborn baby. And in case if it’s your first baby so these chances are at the top.
  • Self-doubt- having a lousy image about yourself or feeling guilty for taking care of the baby properly. Such a situation can also raise the chances of meeting the PPD.

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