What causes Diabetes? Symptoms and Treatments

Information About Diabetes

Diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t function or produce insulin. The hormone that helps the body to use and store sugar from energy food is known as insulin. In addition, Insulin helps to keep sugar at a steady level. Therefore it is the point where the pancreas doesn’t produce enough or any insulin or the body starts to have a negative response to insulin is where the problem kicks.

Types of Diabetes 

Type 1 Diabetes

When the pancreas stops producing insulin, that’s is where this chronic type 1 happens. So patients with type 1 diabetes are advised to take insulin shots to keep their blood sugar level steady. Therefore, most of the cases are diagnosed in childhood but can be diagnosed later in life too.

Symptoms of type 1 :

  • Extreme hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Tiredness
  • It may also result in mood changes.
  1. Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when insulin is produced by the body but doesn’t use the right way. Factors that can lead to type 2 diabetes are being overweight, genetics, a liver producing too much glucose, and cellular conditions, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed in adults of age 45 and over. Yet, a rise in obesity of children has increased rates of type 2 diabetes in children and teens.

Symptoms of type 2 :

  • Increased hunger, thirst, and urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Tiredness
  • Sores that are slow to heal

In addition, it may also cause recurring infections as the body won’t heal because of the increased level of glucose.

  1. Prediabetes

A patient is in prediabetes when blood sugar is high but not as high as fall into the type 2 diabetes range. However, it also means that you’re still at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and even damage your heart and kidneys. Besides, with proper diet, exercise, and small lifestyle changes may help many people to ward off this dangerous health condition.

Symptoms of prediabetes : Although, there are as such no signs or symptoms of prediabetes. However, some minor symptoms might help to identify whether you’ve moved from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Excess hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  1. Gestational Diabetes 

It can develop during pregnancy in some pregnant women who have never had high blood sugar. Although, this is not clear why this occurs. Gestational one resolves itself after delivery.

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes 

Most women do not notice any signs or symptoms of Gestational Diabetes. However, increased thirst and frequent urination, on the other hand, are possible symptoms.

How do you get Diabetes or the risk factor?

It is pretty essential to assess the risk factor of sugar; as said earlier that “when it comes to managing the condition successfully, early detection and consistent treatment are life-saving measures.” Additionally, The risk factors include :

  • Lack of insulin: The primary cause of any diabetes is the lack of insulin. Although, It happens when the body cells that produce insulin stops or get damaged due to the impact of many risk factors and an unhealthy lifestyle.
  • Family history factor: You are at a higher risk of developing Diabetes if a close relative has type 1 diabetes. Therefore, keep yourself in-check.
  • Age factor: Older adults age 45 or above pose a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Race factor: it is unclear, but African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes
  • Weight factor: Obesity increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: A lack of consistent physical activity increases your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Stress: Stress is a significant role player in developing sugar as it lowers the capacity of the body to produce insulin and degrade the body to work inefficiently.
  • Triglycerides, cholesterol, and blood pressure: Maintaining these levels is critical for lowering your risk of developing type 2 one.
Available treatments are-

Management of  Type 1 includes:

  • Taking insulin
  • counting macros, carbs, fats, protein
  • We are monitoring blood sugar levels
  • Avoid eating junk and start eating healthy
  • Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight

Management of Type 2 includes:

  • Eat healthily
  • Exercise regularly
  • Lose weight
  • medication or insulin therapy
  • Monitor blood sugar

 Management of Prediabetes:

  • Eat a healthy diet and lose weight. 
  • Exercise.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Control blood pressure and cholesterol.

Ways to prevent  it:

  1. Firstly, Cut down sugar and refined carbs/.
  2. Secondly. Exercise regularly.
  3. Thirdly, Make water your primary beverage
  4. Quit smoking
  5. Besides, Count your macros
  6. Eat a healthy portion size
  7. Cut down sedentary lifestyle
  8. Drink milk with turmeric and cinnamon  
  9. Eat high fiber and high protein diet.
  10. At last, Increase vitamin D intake

The Bottom line OR The Conclusion

Many of the factors that influence it are under your control.

Instead of viewing prediabetes as a precursor to it, it may be more beneficial to view it as the motivator to make lifestyle changes that will help reduce your risk.

Hence, you have the best chance of avoiding it if you eat the right foods and engage in other lifestyle behaviors that promote healthy blood sugar and insulin levels.

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