Some surprising facts about seizures- 

  • Researches prove that epilepsy is a chronic non-contagious illness of the brain that influences people of all ages. 
  • Surveys conclude that there are 50 million people worldwide who have epilepsy, turning it into the most common neurological illness globally. 
  • It is unbelievable that 80% of seizure sufferers are from low and middle-income countries.  
  • There are approximately 70% of people living with epilepsy could live seizure-free if appropriately treated and diagnosed. 
  • The danger of premature death in people with epilepsy is three times greater than the general population.
  • 75% of people with epilepsy are living in unprivileged countries and thus don’t receive adequate treatment.
  • It is observed that sufferers of seizure and their families encounter the stigma of discrimination. 

 

Statistics of seizures-

  • One amongst 20 people will encounter a one-off seizure at some phases of their lives, but this event doesn’t indicate that one has epilepsy.
  • Astonishingly, one in the 50 people will have epilepsy at some life stages, but it doesn’t mean that sufferers will stay with it for a lifetime. 
  • There are 87 people diagnosed with epilepsy each day widely, so this disease’s growth rate is low. 
  • Approximate 500,000 people are found with epilepsy in the UK. It means 1 in every 100 people. There are 60 million seizures people across the world.
  • Flashing lights will exaggerate nearly 3% of people with epilepsy called photosensitive epilepsy, so most people with epilepsy will not have seizures activated by flashing lights. 
  •  Epilepsy is seen as the fourth most common neurological disorder after stroke, stroke, and migraines. 

 

What is a seizure disorder?

 

A seizure is an unexpected and uncontrolled electrical disruption in the brain. It can alter the thought process, feelings, behavior, and level of consciousness. If you have experienced two or more seizures or a tendency to have a regular seizure, you may be under epilepsy.

 

 There are several kinds of seizures, which range in harshness. Seizure kind differs from how and where they start in the brain’s chemistry. Most of the seizures survive from 30 seconds to two minutes. In case if the seizure lasts in the sufferer for more than 5 minutes. So, it might be the indication of a medical emergency.

 

Seizure disorder is more common than you think. It can persist after a head injury, a stroke, and an infection such as meningitis. However, the actual reason is unknown behind its occurrence.

 

Seizures are controllable and treatable by the medications. However, managing seizures can have an impression on your life. Noteworthy, talk to your doctor for the management of seizure control and side effects during the treatment. 

 

Sometimes it gets hard to tell when a person is encountering a seizure attack. A sufferer experiencing a seizure may look confused or look like they are gazing at something that isn’t present there. Other seizures can lead a person to decrease, shiver, and become ignorant of what’s happening in the atmosphere.

 

Types of seizure- 

 

The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) announced updated groupings in 2017 that better define several kinds of seizures. The two main kinds are now named focal onset seizures and generalized onset seizures. 

 

  • Focal onset seizure- 

Focal onset seizure used to be stated as a partial-onset seizure. This type of seizure can occur in any area of the brain. If you feel like you encounter a seizure attack, it is known as an aware focal seizure. However, if you don’t know when the seizure is occurring or are not aware of its happening, it’s called focal impaired unawareness seizure. 

 

  • Generalized onset seizures- 

These seizures arise on both sides of the brain at the same time. Above all, the more common kinds of GOS are absence, tonic-clonic, and atonic.

 

Absence- this type is also known as petit-mal seizures. And such a kind of seizure survives only for a few seconds after the occurrence. Absence seizures can make to stare at an object for a long blink continuously. People who are observing you might think that you are daydreaming. 

 

Tonic-clonic- these types of seizures are also known as grand mal seizures. Tonic stands for muscle stiffening, whereas clonic term indicates the irregular arm and leg movements during the seizures. It can last up to for few minutes, and you will feel like you are losing consciousness. 

 

Atonic- During such seizures, one muscle unexpectedly goes limp. Your head may nod, or your entire body could fall to the ground. Atonic seizures are short-lived and exist for up to 15 seconds. These are also called drop attacks. 

  • Unknown onset seizures- 

Often no one observes the commencement of a seizure. For instance, someone may get up at midnight and notice their companion having a seizure. These types are also known as unknown onset seizures. They are unsystematic because of inadequate evidence about how they started.