Adolescence age indicates the life phase between childhood and adulthood. It is considered as the unique phase of brain and body development for a healthy lifestyle.
Adolescents meet speedy physical, cognitive, and psychosocial progress. This alters how they sense, visualize, make choices, and communicate with the world around them. Role Of Adolescent Health
To develop and progress in good health, adolescents require adequate information, consisting of age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality teaching, advanced life skills; suitable and active health services; and a secure and helpful atmosphere.
They also need opportunities to contribute to the project and transfer interventions to improve and maintain their health. Increasing such opportunities is key to responding to adolescents’ specific needs and rights.
FAST FACTS ABOUT ADOLESCENT HEALTH-
- Approximately 1.1 billion adolescents between 10 to 19 years pass away in 2016, mean 3000 every day; most of the reasons(disorders) were curable or preventable.
- Deaths due to road traffic were the major cause of death amongst adolescents in 2016. Other significant causes of death might include suicide, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, and interpersonal violence.
- Most mental health disorders start in adolescents by the age of 14, but mostly cases are unobserved and untreated.
Most of the adolescent widely are healthy and active in their lifestyle. But still, there are many cases of premature death occurs each year due to illness, road accident, and injury among teenagers. Illnesses can change the functioning towards growth and development rate.
Consumption of intoxicants, unprotected sex, and deficiency of physical activity affect their current health status and lead to troubles in their future health. Role Of Adolescent Health
MAJOR HEALTH DISORDERS AMONG ADOLESCENT-
sudden injuries amongst teenagers are causing severe dilemmas and disability. In the survey of 2016, 135000 teenagers passed away due to road traffic accidents. In many countries, road protection acts need to be implemented more comprehensive, and the implementation of such rules needs to be supported. Besides, young drivers require guidance on driving carefully, while regulations that forbid driving under the effect of intoxicants need to be strictly imposed among all age drivers.
Depression and anxiety are the primary major mental issues that are causing other illnesses and disabilities among teenagers. Suicide is the second most noticeable cause of death in adolescents. Poverty, humiliation, violence, and feeling devalued can raise the danger of rising mental health disorders. Developing life skills in youngsters and adolescents and offering them psychological support in schools and other guidance can encourage stable mental health.
Approximately 2.1 million teenagers were identified under HIV/AIDS in the survey of 2016. But the deaths due to HIV/AIDS have been falling down since 2006. However, a large fraction of the HIV-positive teenagers group is ignorant of their grades, and many of those who are attentive to their status do not get actual, long-term antiretroviral cures. Young people need to understand how to stop the transmission of such dangerous infection by adhering to precautions.
Alcohol and drug misuse
consumption of harmful intoxicants and drinks is a major concern amongst many countries. These types of material can heighten the risk of activities such as unprotected sex and reckless driving.
Above all, it can also lead to several disorders, such as liver damage and heart issues. Usage of drugs amongst 15 to 19 years olds is again turning into a global concern. Drug control administration may concentrate on lowering the drug supply and demand.
Lack of nutrition and obesity
Most of the girls and boys in developing countries enter adulthood with a lack of crucial vitamins and nutrients. This deficiency of the body’s essential elements causes trouble in growth and also cause severe illnesses. Worldwide, in 2016, one in over six teenagers between10–19 years encountered overweight. Overweight is the central issue of body shaming.
adolescence and young
improving the health
health related behaviors
adolescence and the social determinants of health
healthy and productive