Know the Facts about Lyme disease

What is Lyme disease? 

A Lyme disease is an infectious disease usually caused by four main species of bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. It gets transmitted to humans when an infected black-legged or deer tick bites them.  The tick gets infected as they feed on infected deer, mice, and even birds.

For the tick to transmit infection, it has to be present on the skin for at least a minimum of 36 hours. Furthermoree, most of the time, people with Lyme disease have zero memory of getting a tick bite.

  • Lyme disease was first acknowledged in the small town of Old Lyme in the year 1975. From then, it has been the most common and frequent illness in Europe and the United States.

 

  • Most people who spend time living in the areas of the wood are more prone to these diseases. Besides, people who have domesticated animals that have to go to woody areas have higher chances of being bitten by a tick.

Symptoms Of Lyme Disease 

Although tick bites, symptoms may vary in severity and come in stages. It sometimes even overlaps and causes severe side effects. 

A small, red bump that is similar to that of the bump from a mosquito bite. That usually comes at the tick bite site or at the time of tick removal might resolve over a few days. This everyday occurrence of the small bumps doesn’t initiate Lyme disease.

There are mainly three stages of Lyme disease that include:

  • Early localized stage 
  • Early Disseminated stage
  • Late disseminated stage

Although symptoms may take a longer time to appear until the late dissemination stage in many people.

Some of the most known and common signs and symptoms of Lyme disease include:

  • A circular flat rash that looks like a bulls-eye or a red oval-shaped anywhere on your body
  • Fatigue
  • sleep disturbances
  • joint pain and swelling
  • muscle aches
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • headache
  • Fever
  • difficulty concentrating

Less fortunate signs and symptoms

  • Heart problems
  • Severe fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Liver inflammation 
  • Eye inflammation

Some may even get flu-like symptoms after a few days or weeks:

  • a high temperature, 
  • hot and shivery feeling
  • tiredness and loss of energy
  • Headache
  • Stomach ache

Causes Of Lyme Disease

Mainly Lyme disease is caused or transmitted by a deer tick bite. To transmit infection, a tick must be attached to your bare skin for a minimum of 36 to 48 hours. Ticks feed on your blood, and at first, you won’t be able to examine them as they are very tiny. 

And as they get full, you will find them attached to your swollen skin which means they have transmitted the infection. 

Lyme disease occur in the United States by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii, which are primarily transmitted by black-legged or deer ticks. Young brown ticks are frequently no bigger than a poppy seed, making them nearly impossible to detect.

To get Lyme disease, you must be bitten and infected by an infected deer tick. The bacteria enter your skin via the bite and eventually enter your bloodstream. As of now, we all know what tick bites and Lyme disease are. It’s time to know how to spot and remove them. 

How to spot and remove Lyme cause tics?

To spot and remove ticks safely, all you need to do is:

  • Firstly try to see whether you, not any rash or any tick on your leg or hand skin.
  • And as you spot it, use a tick removal tool to remove a tick safely.
  • After you remove it, clean the bite with soap and water.
  • Use an anti-infection liquid to clean the bite and remove any unwanted infection.

The Risk factor involved 

The risk factor involved in Lyme disease can vary depending upon the location you live in or are on vacation. However, the most usual risk factor includes:

  • Spending time in areas filled with grass and wood: Deer ticks are usually found in areas of woods and grass in the United states. Therefore, adults and children who usually spend most of their time working or playing in the woods are at higher risk of getting Lyme disease.

 

  • Exposing skin: Usually, deer ticks or any other ticks get quickly attached to bare skin. Wearing full sleeves, clothes, and pants to cover your body and protect yourself from tick bites.

 

  • Not removing ticks safely and correctly: In order for the tick to transmit infection, they need to be attached to your skin for a minimum of 36 hours. Therefore, it is preferred to spot early and remove them as early as possible to reduce infection risk.

Prevention 

The most effective and best way to avoid deer ticks is to stay away from woody areas and keep yourself fully covered. The ticks bite can be irritating and frustrating sometimes. Here are a few tips and tricks that can help prevent you from tick bites:

  • Cover yourself up and wear long shirt pants.
  • Make use of insect repellent if possible.
  • Keep your ward clean and tidy to prevent ticks from living there.
  • Make double-check yourself, your children, and your pet after spending time in the woods.
  • Don’t be solely dependent on your immune system, as you can get Lyme disease more than once.
  • Remove ticks properly with tweezers or any other tool safely.
Treatment 

Lyme disease is effectively treatable when it is in its early stages. Therefore, early localized disease is easily manageable with a simple and easy 10-15 day course of oral antibiotics to eliminate the infection.

The medications that are mostly effective to treat Lyme disease are:

  • doxycycline, 
  • cefuroxime and amoxicillin, 
  • amoxicillin, 
  • cefuroxime, 

As soon as you start to recover your doctor sees improvement. He then will finish the course with an oral regimen that might last up to 14 days.

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