Are Drugs Safe to Treat Insomnia?

Are drugs safe to treat Insomnia?

Insomnia is affecting millions of people each year and leading to severe outcomes on health. It might be shocking, but yes, there are nearly 70 million people under Insomnia in the USA. The reason behind the occurrence may vary from sufferer to sufferer. However, the most common causes may include underlying health conditions, past traumatic events, and ongoing stress.

Insomnia can be long-term, short-term, and transient. However, the intensity and persistence may vary. To know about the types of Insomnia, read below-

#Short-term Insomnia- 

  • Short-term Insomnia is also known as acute Insomnia.
  • The symptoms may include staying awake till night and challenges in falling asleep.
  • Short Insomnia can occur due to ongoing traumatic situations such as the passing away of closest ones and relationship problems.
  • However, as the situation comes to an endpoint, so short-term Insomnia gets fine.
  • There is no special treatment required to treat it.

#Long-term Insomnia- 

  • It is also prominent as chronic Insomnia.
  • The symptoms of long-term Insomnia can be trouble in falling asleep, difficulty in staying asleep, and waking up at midnight.
  • When such symptoms stay for more than three consecutive months so it may turn into long-term Insomnia.
  • Furthermore, long-term Insomnia can be chronic health conditions, past traumatic events, memorizing the incidents daily.

#Transient Insomnia- 

  • When the symptoms of Insomnia last in the sufferer for less than a week is known as transient Insomnia.
  • Transient Insomnia mostly occurs due to other disorders such as depression, stress, and sleeping schedule changes.

Available drug treatments to treat Insomnia- 

There are several drugs available to cure the symptoms of Insomnia. However, please go for lifestyle changes firstly rather than implementing pharmaceutical treatments. The drugs can be harmful if not used as per the guidelines. Hence, use these medications when the doctor directs. Currently available drugs are-

#1 Benzodiazepines- 

  • Benzodiazepines such as Xanax and Ativan have been using to treat short-term Insomnia.
  • Benzos function by improving the sleeping time, reducing wakening up at midnight, and increasing the calming effects.
  • However, benzos are not safe in long-term use due to their addiction.
  • Most common benzodiazepines for the treatment of short terms insomnia are temazepam, estazolam, triazolam, and quazepam.
  • The half-life of temazepam and estazolam is nearly 10 to 25 hours.
  • And the half-life of triazolam is quite shorter than other medicines, i.e., less than 6 hours.
  • The long-term use of benzos can cause addiction with other side effects.
  • One should only use such medications when the doctor says to do so.

#2 Benzodiazepine receptor agonists- 

  • Those medications that come under this category are get rapidly absorbed and metabolized by the liver.
  • These medications are not bounded with active metabolites and have a low potential for abusing.
  • These medications’ biggest advantage is that they don’t lead to rebound insomnia upon suddenly stopping consumption.
  • Some of the major benzodiazepine receptor agonists are zolpidem and zaleplon.
  • However, zolpidem exists in the controlled release formulation.

#3 Antidepressants- 

  • Antidepressants are also used to treat the symptoms of Insomnia.
  • However, these medications release sedative properties while functioning.
  • Some of the major antidepressants are trazodone, doxepin, and imipramine.
  • Hence, there is no study yet convinced that these medications are completely safe for Insomnia or not.

#4 Atypical antipsychotics-  

  • Atypical antipsychotics help to treat the symptoms of Insomnia within a short period.
  • These medications work by improving the overall sleeping time and efficacy in falling asleep.
  • These may help sufferers with Insomnia who do not reply to front-line management or Insomnia in medically ill sufferers with delirium.

#5 Natural Remedies- 

  • There are many natural remedies available such as meditation, yoga, and exercises. 
  • These methods calm the brain and produce calming properties. 
  • However, these remedies may take time to show the results. 
  • Hence, if you are underlying any other health disorder and running under the pregnancy, meet the doctor first. 
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